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San Precario salvaci tu! Between Precariousness and Freedom: Self-Employment as Precarious Work: Gender and precarious careers in academia and research: Hypotheses to interpret the transformations of precariousness and subjectivity, in E. Subjectivities and Resistance, London, Routledge, pp. From standard to precarious archetypes in Italian contemporary organizations, in B. Liebig and Mechtild Oechsle eds. Fathers in Work Organizations, Budrich, pp. A subject- oriented approach, in M. Le relazioni pericolose tra i lavori a termine e la tutela della sicurezza e della salute sul lavoro, in C.

Sicurezza e salute sul lavoro. Quale cultura e quali prassi?

La condizione giovanile in Italia. Rapporto giovani 2017

Young People and Social Policy in Europe: Dealing with risk, inequality and precariousness in times of crisis, London, Palgrave, pp. The winding road of diversity management in Italy, in A. Semenza, Il mondo del lavoro, le prospettive della sociologia, Torino, Utet, pp. Pensieri e pratiche tra lavoro e non lavoro, Roma, Iacobelli, pp. Condizione giovanile e nuovi rischi sociali. Precarious wotk and high-skilled youth in Europe, Milano, Angeli, pp. Gendered ways of Knowing in Science. La ricerca sociologica e i temi del lavoro.

Giovani ricercatori italiani a confronto, Milano, Angeli, pp. Strumenti per comprendere il cambiamento, Milano, Angeli, pp. Azioni di sostegno al lavoro atipico in provincia di Trento, Milano, Angeli, pp. Posizionamenti di genere nel lavoro che cambia, in B. Ai confini del genere.

Prospettive emergenti di riflessione e ricerca, Trento, Edizioni 31, pp. Glossario minimo, Torino, Stampatori, pp. Per una rifondazione delle scienze sociali, Roma, Bonanno, pp. La disoccupazione giovanile in Trentino, Trento, Edizioni 31, pp. Giovani in Trentino Percorsi lavorativi e transizione alla vita adulta nel nuovo mercato del lavoro, Il Mulino, by Sonia Bertolini, in Polis, 1: Reflexive working groups for selection committee members: Workshops for early career researchers: Organisational culture and everyday working life: Gender Dimension in Research and Curriculum: Is the Commission aware of the use of blank resignation letters for pregnant women?

If so, what measures will it take to stem this phenomenon and protect pregnant women, by restoring their equal opportunities and dignity at the workplace? Therefore, if employers use pre-signed blank resignation letters to dismiss women in case of pregnancy they act in breach of national law.

The Commission has no legal means to start infringement procedures in case of individual illegal behaviour of EU citizens. Women concerned by this practice are encouraged to make these illegal habits public and take their employers to the national courts. In Afghanistan, nella cittadina di Tarinkot, l'improvvisa esplosione di un ordigno ied improvised explosive device ha provocato una strage di bambini.

Sei bimbi, tra i 4 e i 9 anni, hanno perso la vita mentre giocavano tra i rifiuti. La bomba, infatti, era stata ben occultata tra l'immondizia. Non soltanto alla luce dell'ultima strage, la situazione in Afghanistan desta molte preoccupazioni. Le truppe alleate presenti nel paese, inoltre, stanno subendo numerosi attacchi con mine anticarri e ied.

In the city of Tarinkot in Afghanistan, the sudden explosion of an improvised explosive device has caused a massacre of children. Six children, aged between 4 and 9, lost their lives whilst they were playing amongst urban waste. The bomb was well hidden in the rubbish.

The situation in Afghanistan arouses many concerns, not just in view of this latest massacre. Furthermore, the Allied troops in the area are subject to numerous attacks using anti-tank mines and IEDs. Can she provide a general overview of European efforts in the Asian country and of the safety of the Allied forces in the region? Gli enti territoriali, quali Comuni e Province, sono tra i primi possibili beneficiari dei fondi diretti programmati ed erogati dalle Direzioni generali della Commissione europea.

Tra i fondi disponibili ci sono ad esempio: In caso affermativo, quali sono i progetti che hanno avuto accesso a fondi europei e con quali risultati suddetti programmi sono stati portati a termine? Regional authorities, such as municipalities and provinces, are amongst the first possible beneficiaries of direct funding planned and allocated by the Commission's Directorates-General.

It served as basis for a first sketch of future tourist routes and supported the publication of study documents to help defining the suggested routes. Furthermore it facilitated the exchange of scientific-cultural information and experience, thus creating a cooperation network at European level. For the time being only the project is closed. The project led to a structured intercultural dialogue to enforce mutual understanding and diversity. No other application for direct funding by the City or Province of Brindisi has been recorded. In Nigeria non si fermano gli attacchi omicidi a danno dei cristiani.

Gli attacchi in motocicletta sono uno dei segni caratteristici del modus operandi dell'organizzazione che nelle ultime settimane ha intensificato gli attentati, alternando gli assalti a mano armata alle bombe. Di fronte al numero crescente di atti di intolleranza e di discriminazione religiosa in tutto il mondo, l'Unione ha reagito fermamente, anche a livello dei ministri degli esteri dell'UE. Il Consiglio ha manifestato il forte impegno dell'UE a intensificare gli sforzi per la promozione e la tutela dei diritti delle persone appartenenti a minoranze religiose in qualsiasi parte del mondo.

In effetti, ultimamente le condizioni di sicurezza si sono ulteriormente deteriorate fino a includere attacchi a luoghi di culto, una tendenza preoccupante che, se non gestita con attenzione, potrebbe produrre una situazione di violenza settaria generalizzata. In base a tutte le informazioni a nostra disposizione, il numero di persone coinvolte nei recenti atti di violenza pare essere limitato. Il gruppo terroristico noto col nome di Boko Haram sembra essere intenzionato a infondere insicurezza nella popolazione e a destabilizzare il paese con tutti i mezzi a sua disposizione.

The attacks on Christians in Nigeria are continuing unremittingly. This is but one of the many violent acts that have been carried out by the militia group, which killed over people in Motorcycle attacks are among the methods typically used by the organisation, which has stepped up its operations during recent weeks, alternating between armed assaults and bombings. Boko Haram has issued an ultimatum for all Christians to leave the North of the country which is mainly Muslim.

If so, what is involved? Are there any local associations for the defence of religious freedom? If so, what action are they taking? The EU has firmly responded to the increasing number of acts of religious intolerance and discrimination across the world, including at the level of EU Foreign Ministers. The Council expressed the EU's strong commitment to step up its efforts to promote and protect rights of persons belonging to religious minorities wherever in the world.

Generally speaking, Nigeria is a secular state. Religious freedom is enshrined in its Constitution. Nevertheless, and as in any other country, religion may at times be instrumentalised for political purposes. The security situation has indeed deteriorated further of late to include attacks on places of worship, which is a worrying trend that could result in widespread sectarian violence, unless managed carefully.

According to all information at our disposal the number of persons involved in the recent spate of violence is limited. The terrorist group known as Boko Haram appears at all accounts to be intent by any means at their disposal to unsettle the population and destabilise the country. Their activities have been condemned by religious leaders of all observations and Islamic scholars have described their claims to be acting on behalf of Muslims as bogus.

In this situation, we believe one of our priorities should be to assist the authorities in promoting inter-faith dialogue to help avoid this being seen as a conflict between religious groups. Fuga di aziende italiane verso la Svizzera. Da mesi sulla linea di confine tra Lombardia e Canton Ticino si susseguono grandi movimenti. Il sistema elvetico propone insomma condizioni di lavoro migliori rispetto all'Italia.

Qualunque sia la loro dimensione, le imprese competitive costituiscono il principale motore di una solida crescita economica. Per poter prosperare, le imprese necessitano di un contesto operativo favorevole. There has been a great deal of activity on the Lombardy and Canton Ticino border for months. During the number of workers living in Italy but working in Switzerland rose by 7. The main drivers of strong economic growth are competitive firms of all sizes. Businesses need a favourable operating environment to thrive. The Commission supports the Member States in delivering growth and jobs by publishing country-specific recommendations every year.

The overall recommendation of the Commission has been that fiscal consolidation should be carried out in a way that protects growth and jobs as much as possible, but the design of policies has to be determined by the Member State governments. La rivoluzione sta ormai raggiungendo il cuore vitale del Paese, sono svanite le zone franche e Damasco diventa la prima linea con il conseguente intensificarsi della violenza.

Il fronte rivoluzionario li accusa di essere burattini del regime, legittimandone l'esistenza invece di chiedere le dimissioni immediate di Bashar. Le iniziative intraprese dall'UE erano intese a contribuire al raggiungimento di un cambiamento delle politiche del governo siriano che comportasse la sospensione delle repressioni, l'attuazione delle riforme annunciate e la promozione di un dialogo nazionale credibile, autentico e inclusivo.

The revolution is starting to reach the heart of the country, there are no longer any free zones, and Damascus is now in the front line, with the consequent escalation of violence. The EU also will not take further steps with regard to the Association Agreement that had been negotiated with Syria.

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Since then, the Commission has suspended the participation of Syrian authorities to its regional programmes and the EIB has suspended all its loan operations and technical assistance to Syria. However, not all cooperation has stopped, as several projects are still ongoing in the field of support to Non State Actors, the Syrian civil society, and the refugees. Tempus and Erasmus programmes with Syrian students and universities are also continuing.

The Commission stands ready to work together in identifying actions to support the Syrian people and mobilise financial assistance in favour of a genuine democratic transition. Si tratta dell'ultimo avviso alla controparte, con la speranza che la crisi rientri in extremis. Se questo si rivelasse impossibile e se l'Iran persistesse nella sua politica di armamento nucleare, l'Italia sarebbe pronta a sostenere tutte le nuove sanzioni imposte dall'Europa, incluso l'embargo petrolifero all'Iran.

This is intended as a last warning to Iran, issued in the hope that the crisis may be resolved at the last minute. Italy has declared itself ready to play its part by encouraging an open and transparent dialogue with Iran. Should this be impossible and should Iran continue to pursue its nuclear weapons policy, Italy would be willing to support all new sanctions imposed by Europe, including an embargo on Iranian oil.

Which Member States have already stated their support for such action against the regime In Iran? In Nigeria proseguono gli attacchi terroristici a danno dei fedeli cristiani. In Nigeria le tensioni durano da oltre dieci anni. Nel si erano verificati massacri di fedeli cristiani a Jos.

I recenti attentati terroristici in Nigeria hanno preso di mira, oltre alle chiese, edifici del governo e di sicurezza, mercati, scuole e civili innocenti senza distinzioni. Terrorist attacks on Christians are continuing to take place in Nigeria. On Christmas day, 35 people were killed in three coordinated attacks — 27 of them in a single church in Abuja, where the explosion occurred during mass. The Boko Haram group has claimed responsibility.

In , Christians were massacred in Jos. The spokesmen for the Boko Haram terrorist group have issued an ultimatum to the Christian communities in northern Nigeria, where there is a Muslim majority, to leave the area as soon as possible. The EU delegations in Abuja have already launched diplomatic initiatives with the Nigerian Ministry of Foreign Affairs aimed at condemning the violence;. What steps does she consider should be taken to address the latest emergency triggered by the ultimatums issued to the Christian communities in this African country?

The recent attacks by terrorists in Nigeria have targeted government and security buildings, markets, schools and innocent civilians of all kinds as well as churches. The EU is working together with Nigeria to help it tackle the challenges of creating durable security and dealing with the multiple socioeconomic and political factors conducive to radicalisation. The EU has already reoriented parts of its cooperation programme with Nigeria to the North of the country to accelerate action against poverty and deprivation there. Armonizzazione delle politiche fiscali fra gli Stati membri.

L'ente infatti sosteneva che l'azienda tedesca dovesse al Fisco italiano ben 1,4 miliardi di euro, ritenendo come non pagate tasse dal Per contro, la Bosch sosteneva di aver versato i contributi dovuti al Fisco tedesco. Appare quanto mai urgente arrivare a una forma di chiarimento, se non di armonizzazione, dei rapporti fra le regolamentazioni fiscali degli Stati membri.

I risultati della consultazione consentiranno di determinare e di elaborare la risposta politica adeguata. The Italian revenue service has recently reached a tax assessment agreement with the German company Bosch GmbH, an agreement which ironed out a long dispute. On the other hand Bosch claimed to have paid the taxes to the German exchequer. But this leading vehicle component manufacturer, with numerous investments in Italy, had apparently already announced that it was intending to claim a tax reimbursement in Germany.

It would appear that a form of clarification, if not harmonisation, of the relationship between the various taxation systems of the Member States is urgently needed. Does not the Commission consider it necessary to clarify the relationships between the taxation systems of the Member States? Does not the Commission consider that the launch of a harmonisation procedure between the taxation systems is urgently necessary, which would guarantee certainty for both the legitimate requests of the Member States and investments by companies?

The Commission is not aware of the specific case referred to by the Honourable Member. However, in the absence of common corporate tax rules, the interaction of national tax systems may lead to double taxation or double non-taxation. One of the benefits of the CCCTB is to help avoiding double taxation and double non-taxation within groups. The Commission intends to work on evaluating and developing the possible options set out in this communication, in particular the creation of a Forum on double taxation for purely EU tax matters, a proposal for a code of conduct on double taxation and the feasibility of an efficient dispute resolution mechanism, with a view to determining the most effective ways to remove double taxation.

In addition, the Commission is about to launch a fact-finding consultation procedure on double non-taxation, in order to establish the full scale of this phenomenon. The results of this consultation will be used to identify and develop the appropriate policy responses. Furthermore, by the end of the Commission intends to adopt a communication on strengthening good governance in the tax area with a view to address, inter alia , mismatches between tax systems.

Era stata arrestata in occasione delle manifestazioni dell'opposizione contro la contesta rielezione del presidente Mahmoud Ahmadinejad nel giugno The EU considers that the respect of human rights and fundamental freedoms must remain an essential pillar of the EU's present and future relations with Iran. This includes the case of Faezeh Rafsanjani. This figure is even more alarming when viewed in the national context: People in the province of Bari have been particularly hard hit since the beginning of the year by the problems of loneliness and poverty and a fear of being unable to continue to lead a dignified life.

This is borne out by the figures given in a Caritas report, according to which one in two families are unable to cope with unexpected expenses for instance, in the event of an electrical appliance breaking down , The Commission also plans to publish the follow-up report on the implementation of the Commission recommendation on active inclusion by looking specifically at the measures taken by Member States in the three pillars of active inclusion: The ESF can not provide direct income support to poor households.

However, it can target people below the poverty threshold through initiatives that reinforce the social inclusion of disadvantaged people with a view to their sustainable integration in employment. Suicidi nelle carceri di Trani e Torino. In tutto il , inoltre, sono stati 59 i detenuti a togliersi la vita e ben hanno tentato, senza riuscirci, il suicidio dato triplicato rispetto all'anno precedente.

Per ogni posti disponibili, infatti, ci sono in media ,2 detenuti. Non si tratta soltanto di detenuti italiani: A year-old inmate took his own life in Trani prison only a few hours after another suicide took place in Turin prison. The number of suicides in Italian prisons is alarming. In , a total of 59 inmates committed suicide and there were unsuccessful suicide attempts these numbers are three times higher than those for the previous year. In addition, a study recently carried out by the Council of Europe shows that the rate of overcrowding in Italian prisons is among the highest anywhere.

There is an average of The prisoners are not only Italian nationals: Is the Commission aware that, in Italy, foreign nationals account for a very large proportion of the prison population and that the same applies throughout the EU? The Commission is aware of the problem of overcrowded conditions in Italian prisons. The responsibility for the construction and management of prisons lies with the Member States and it is therefore a matter for the Italian authorities.

In line with the Stockholm Programme, the Commission is reflecting on ways to strengthen mutual trust and mutual recognition in the area of detention, in accordance with and within the limits of EU's competence. To that effect, the Commission has published a Green Paper on the application of EU criminal justice legislation in the field of detention COM of The Commission received over replies from Member States and stakeholders and will carefully analyse all responses before deciding on what appropriate action can and should be taken at the European level.

Ad Alice chiude la Italcarta. Quindici dipendenti hanno perso il posto di lavoro e anche gli ammortizzatori sociali. La Italcarta era un'azienda attiva da oltre 25 anni con forte impatto sul mercato. In forza del regolamento del FEG, oltre ad altri criteri, occorrono almeno licenziamenti, a petto dei 15 licenziamenti menzionati dall'onorevole deputato, per attivare il sostegno del Fondo. Italcarta is winding up its operations at Alife Caserta, Italy. Fifteen employees have lost their jobs, as well as social support payments.

Italcarta, on the other hand, had been liquidated. The problems first started in , with the death of one of the two partners. Has the Italian Government applied for assistance under the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund in order to help employees to find new jobs or retrain? The Commission was not aware of the closure of the Italcarta company.

In the light of the information provided by the Honourable Member and despite the seriousness of the potential impact of the closure on the individual workers concerned, the latter do not appear to qualify for assistance from the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund EGF. L'Iran ha emesso sentenza di condanna a morte per l'americano di origine iraniana Amir Mirza Hekmati, arrestato a dicembre con l'accusa di spionaggio per la CIA. La famiglia di Hekmati, giovane 28enne ex-marine, ha affermato dalla California che il giovane si trovava in visita a parenti.

Questo ennesimo atto di Teheran rappresenta un'autentica sfida all'Occidente e al governo degli Stati Uniti. In Iran migliaia di persone, tra cui Amir Mirzai Hekmati, rischiano ancora di essere giustiziate. From California, the family of Hekmati, a year-old ex-marine, said that the young man was visiting family.


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This latest action by Tehran is a true act of defiance against the West and the Government of the United States. The EU holds a strong and principled position against the death penalty. Thousands of individuals remain at risk of execution in Iran, including Amir Mirzai Hekmati. This includes the case of Amir Mirzai Hekmati. L'iniziativa ha ribadito l'apprensione dell'Unione per la situazione nel monastero di Kirti, dove si dice siano rimaste solo poche centinaia di monaci mentre la maggior parte sono stati mandati via o incarcerati. Tulku Sonam Wangyal, a monk from Qinghai a region in the area of historic Tibet , recently immolated himself after dousing himself in paraffin oil and swallowing several mouthfuls.

The demarche noted that the fact that a growing number of Tibetan monks are choosing to take such tragic steps demonstrates the profound and continuing depth of feeling among many Tibetans that their religious, linguistic and cultural rights are not being respected. The EU urged the Chinese authorities to allow the resumption of normal religious observance, to withdraw government officials, to release monks who have been detained and to allow all monks who wish to do so to return to the monastery.

The demarche expressed concern that restrictions on religious, linguistic and cultural rights throughout the Tibetan areas have increased recently. The EU urged the Chinese authorities to address the root causes of the self-immolations, and in particular the perceived lack of genuine participation by the Tibetan population in the development policy of the region. The EU used this opportunity to raise human rights issues, including the issue of Tibet with the Chinese authorities. Importuri cu urme de fungicid din Brazilia. The US Department of Agriculture has announced that it has found traces of the fungicide carbendazim in oranges imported from Brazil.

Can the Commission clarify whether checks have been or will be carried out on the matter in the Member States, and, if checks have already been made, what the results are? However at this stage, the Commission does not recommend the Member States to significantly increase their tests. European Heritage Label is an action open to the participation of the Member States on a voluntary basis, strengthening European citizens' sense of belonging to the Union on a basis of shared elements of history and cultural heritage.

The pre-selection at national level will be carried out under the responsibility of the Member States. Various media reports state that one of the options being considered by the Spanish Government in order to reduce its deficit and meet its EU commitments to budgetary stability is the privatisation of public enterprises that are economically profitable.

This decision may bring liquidity in the short term, but it means giving up structural revenues and public control of strategic infrastructures or services. Member States are not obliged to inform the Commission about their intentions regarding the privatisation of public enterprises.

The Commission is therefore not in a position to confirm whether the Spanish Government intends to privatise the enterprises mentioned by the Honourable Member. Cuotas participativas are instruments equivalent to equity which are devised specifically for Spanish savings banks. They constitute, like other equity such as securities, a risk-absorbing financial instrument.

As for the second question, the Commission does not have a specific opinion regarding the issuance of those shares by CAM in The Commission would like to recall that it lies within the competence of the national authorities to ensure that investors, in particular retail investors, are fully aware of the risks they undertake when investing in financial products.

The government itself insists that all citizens who receive healthcare in Catalonia will be required to pay, regardless of their level of income, work situation or state of health. For the first time, this law will break with one of the governing principles of the healthcare system in Catalonia, which is access to healthcare that is public, universal and free of charge. The healthcare costs for all EU citizens who receive treatment with their European health insurance card are reimbursed to the citizens who have received that treatment.

Does the Commission think that this measure is timely, fair and equitable, bearing in mind the current economic situation? In the case of citizens with a European health insurance card, will they be reimbursed for the cost of this tax? If that is to be the case, who is going to take responsibility for the total budgetary amount involved?

Member States, or their regional authorities, are responsible for the management of health services and medical care, the allocation of resources assigned to them and the conditions for obtaining such care. Monitoring of social protection policies including health branch is organised at EU level and the Commission is regularly informed of projects or proposals such as the one mentioned by the Honourable Member. The EU also promotes the coordination of national healthcare policies through the Open Method of Coordination.

This means the person should be treated under the same conditions, but also that they pay any patient fees that might apply. The healthcare provider is reimbursed for the full cost of treatment via a payment system between Member States. If a patient has had to pay for the full cost of a treatment and has been unable to claim a refund while staying abroad, he or she can contact the competent institution when returning home to claim reimbursement. The companies included came from all industry sectors. The threat of cybercrime is also confirmed by recent reports by uscollegeresearch.

Does the Commission plan to adopt measures under which companies in EU Member States could implement control measures to mitigate security risks associated with the introduction of modern technology? The Commission looks seriously at the growing threats to security related to the take-up of modern technologies also taking into account their potential to negatively affect the prosperity of our economies and society.

In , the Commission will propose a European Strategy for Internet Security, which will put in place a robust line of defence against cyber attacks and disruptions in order to boost network resilience and citizens' trust, thus contributing to the smooth functioning of the single market. Security is a shared responsibility of all stakeholders. As the private sector owns or runs most of the networks and infrastructure, the forthcoming Strategy will provide incentives to foster a risk management culture, adequate investments in the security of products and services and the adoption of good security practices.

The EU is also engaged with private sector in raising awareness of security risks, to ensure that state-of-the-art security measures are in place and used throughout the whole chain of Internet actors. What is the Commission's opinion on such a procedure, the result of which will be a rise in electricity bills that places a further burden on Greek citizens? The reform of the Greek energy sector is a key element in the Commission's ongoing discussions with the Greek authorities.

The Commission intends to help Greece undertake the necessary reforms to ensure that the financing of the Greek electricity sector is viable. These reforms must not impose an excessive burden on the electricity bills of Greek citizens, or jeopardise renewable energy growth and the achievement of the targets. The Environment Commissioner recently warned that the overuse and waste of valuable natural resources threatens to cause a fresh economic crisis.

He linked the current economic crisis in the euro area with potential future crises which could be caused by the wastage and consequent lack of key resources, including energy and raw materials. According to him, this applies to energy raw materials and minerals, as well as water and food. Among the actions, which need to be undertaken in the short and medium term, the Roadmap envisages launching participatory processes to ensure that stakeholders at all levels are mobilised and involved in the debate on the necessary economic transformation. Active dialogue with businesses will be a key part of this.

Resource efficiency issues will also feed in the deliberations of many existing forums, such as the Retail Forum or the Food Round Table. Moreover, the right incentives need to be put into place to steer consumer behaviour. Market-based instruments are an effective means of getting prices to reflect more accurately the real value of resources and thereby better guide their allocation and use; therefore the Commission is encouraging Member States to use them via the Annual Growth Strategy.

The law places the independence of the Hungarian Central Bank in jeopardy. The Hungarian Central Bank itself said that the new law and other laws that allow banks to be linked to the financial regulator seriously compromise the interests of the country and allow the government to influence the decisions of the Central Bank.

It allows the Prime Minister to appoint a third deputy governor, thereby weakening the position of the governor. It introduces a merger between the Central Bank and the Hungarian Financial Supervisory Authority PSZAF , which would mean the emergence of a new body and an opportunity for the government to remove the governor of the Central Bank by demoting him to deputy governor of the new institution. Does the Commission plan to impose some kind of sanctions on Hungary in this respect?

This is the first step in an infringement procedure. In the meantime, the Hungarian government has sent its reply and Commission services are assessing it. Within the framework of an infringement procedure, the Commission has no right to impose sanctions on Member States. The political parties in Bosnia have recently agreed to create a central government. The stalemate situation has long caused unease in both the European Union and the United Nations, and has made it impossible for the country to take further necessary democratic reforms.

The central government should officially start work at the beginning of January. Its composition reflects the ethnic make-up of the country, which is inhabited mainly by Serbs, Croats and Bosnian Muslims. For the first time in the history of the country, the post of Prime Minister will be held by a Croat. The government will have ten members: Political leaders in the country expect this agreement to lead to the granting of candidate status. Does the Commission consider this agreement to be a sufficient reason for Bosnia to be granted candidate status, or will it require further action?

It is not sufficient for Bosnia and Herzegovina to have established the Council of Ministers in order to obtain the status of a candidate country. The company announced that it would pass on these costs by raising air fares.

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At the time, this was justified by higher fuel costs. All airlines should be required to internalise the costs of environmental damage. The situation on the French labour market is deteriorating.

Data produced by the French Ministry of Employment are the most widely used indicator of the employment rate in France, despite not being compiled in accordance with the guidelines of the International Labour Organisation ILO. These data are compiled in accordance with ILO methodology. The crisis has made the situation worse, and the targets even more relevant, for all Member States, including France.

The Commission assesses the implementation of reforms on the basis of the Member States' updated reform programmes, and may propose updated country-specific recommendations. It will consider the unemployment situation in France in this connection. In the interests of greater transparency, the European Parliament has adopted amendments to the legislation on free access to EU documents. The proposal allows one, for example, to see how ministers and prime ministers are voting in the Council or the European Council.

This could, in the words of the rapporteur, debunk the myth that some less popular measures are forced upon Member States. There will be exceptions to this obligation, especially if it involves an encroachment on certain public or private interests, such as personal data protection and the protection of intellectual property rights. It will not be possible to apply exceptions, however, where disclosure is a matter of greater public interest, for example in order to protect fundamental rights and the sound management of public resources. The Commission would like to clarify that the current Regulation already grants members of the public a very wide access to EU documents, subject to a limited number of exceptions.

However, in accordance with the Lisbon Treaty, the Court of Justice, the European Central Bank and the European Investment Bank shall only be subject to the rules on public access to documents when exercising their administrative tasks. It is funded by the European Union and the pharmaceutical industry. The agency recently announced that, after careful analysis, it had reached the conclusion that it would be necessary to develop a more structured framework for its cooperation with health professionals.

Part of this should include a system for monitoring the results and progress of such structured cooperation. The framework should strengthen the Agency's independent expertise in matters relating to human medicine, and above all, real world experience with medicines in clinical practice, in a real therapeutic environment.

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Contacts can also be a source of information on how to avoid the most common errors in medication. The Agency expects from this an improved continuous evaluation of the benefits and risks throughout the entire life cycle of medical products on the European market. The framework also introduces the monitoring of such interaction and reporting on its progress. In addition, it lays down criteria which are similar to those already implemented for patients and consumers' organisations, to be fulfilled by healthcare professionals' organisations involved in the Agency's activities, with a view to ensuring that it establishes contact with the most suitable organisations representing healthcare professionals in a transparent manner.

The framework aims at supporting the Agency in order to access the best possible independent expertise in any matter related to medicines. It will also contribute to a more efficient and targeted communication to healthcare professionals and support their role in the safe and rational use of medicines. The implementation of the framework will imply the establishment of a network of European healthcare professionals' organisations that will be published on the Agency's website and the transformation of the informal meetings with healthcare professionals into a regular working party with links to all scientific committees dealing with medicinal products for human use.

The Commission recently presented a roadmap for the energy sector up to One of the challenges is to improve Europe's energy infrastructure, which will require significant capital investment. Taking into account the medium— to long-term nature of these investments, it will be necessary to overcome the conflict between the need for a stable, long-term policy and short-term pressures faced by elected governments. It is also important to ensure public support for essential reforms. In this time of existential crisis, few EU citizens see the importance of investing in the energy sector, and its return in the long run.

How does the European Commission intend to convince the public of the need for reforms and investments in the energy sector? Furthermore, the Commission currently addresses the right to family reunification through an ongoing public consultation, after which the Commission will consider what policy follow-up might be appropriate. The proposed reforms aim to strengthen governance of the Schengen system, to allow it to better cope with internal failures and external pressures, in particular as regards control of the external borders.

Negotiations are ongoing in the Council and in the European Parliament. In the area of international relations, the Commission proposed a Global Approach on Migration and Mobility, and in this context it envisages making systematic use of the Mobility Partnership as a tool to engage in a sustainable, balanced and effective manner key non-EU countries in a dialogue and cooperation on migration matters.

Is de Commissie van plan in te grijpen in deze kwestie om de Frans-Turkse betrekkingen te verbeteren? De wet moet nog door de Senaat, maar algemeen wordt aangenomen dat hij ook daar zal worden goedgekeurd. De Turkse regering protesteert fel tegen deze Franse wet omdat ze er een belediging in ziet van de Turkse identiteit.

Dreigen met sancties komt immers neer op chantage. Het aannemen van de maatregel waarnaar het geachte Parlementslid verwijst, is een initiatief van het Franse parlement. De Commissie wil niet speculeren over mogelijke reacties van Turkije op deze kwestie. De Commissie kan slechts handelen binnen de grenzen van de bevoegdheden die haar door de Verdragen zijn toegekend. Hrozby sankciami sa napokon obmedzili na vydieranie. Modern-day Turkey, which is the descendant of the Ottoman Empire, fiercely opposes this law.

Does the Commission intend to take action in this matter with a view to improving Franco-Turkish relations? The law still needs to go to the Senate but it is generally assumed that it will approve it. The Turkish Government has reacted strongly against this French law, seeing it as an insult to the Turkish identity since Turkey officially denies that there was genocide committed against the Armenians.

Ankara has recalled its ambassador from Paris for consultations and is threatening, in the words of its foreign minister, to impose sanctions, including economic sanctions against French companies, if the law finally comes into force. Even though one should be able to question the legislative codifying of history and the penalisation of dissident opinions about historical events, the stance of the Turkish Government nevertheless raises questions. After all, threats of sanctions boil down to blackmail.

Turkey is applying to become an EU Member Sate. Does the Commission condemn the official threats on the Turkish part of imposing economic sanctions against France? The adoption of the measure referred to by the Honourable Member is an initiative of the French Parliament. The Commission cannot speculate on possible reactions of Turkey on the referred issue. The Commission can act only within the limits of the powers conferred to it by the Treaties.

In , 82 actions were filed against the European Union in connection with visa prohibitions or orders to freeze assets. This number shows an enormous increase compared to previous periods. During the whole period from to , only seven actions were filed against the European Union in this regard, and only 15 in The restrictive measures imposed under those regimes, and in particular the freezing measures, affect the rights of certain targeted individuals and entities and therefore prompt them to seek judicial protection. Moreover, a number of issues relating to these measures have only arisen recently and have not yet been fully settled by the courts.

Lithuania joined the European Union in and originally wanted to introduce the common currency in However, it failed to meet the accession criteria. The economic situation in the country was significantly impaired by the financial crisis in , when the economy recorded a fall of It began to grow again in The Ministry of Finance predicts growth of 2. Maintenance of the deficit below this level is one of the key conditions for Lithuania's admission to the euro area. The Lithuanian government recently announced that the country is adhering to its plan and wants to adopt the euro in Does the Commission intend to take any action in the near future in connection with the adoption of the euro by Lithuania?

If so, will these steps be in favour of or against the introduction of the euro in Lithuania? Over the last years, the Lithuanian economy has quickly recovered from a deep economic recession. Lithuania is subject to an Excessive Deficit Procedure and was recommended to correct the excessive deficit by at the latest. The Commission will continue to monitor budgetary implementation in all Member States currently in excessive deficit procedure. The euro has brought and will continue to bring advantages to the euro area.

The report of the Slovak Nuclear Regulatory Authority showed that all facilities in Slovakia passed the said tests. The authority said that there were no doubts regarding the continued safe operation of working facilities, or the continued construction of new ones. The coordinator of the energy and climate campaign, Greenpeace Slovakia, questioned the presented test results. Does the Commission consider the final report of the national regulatory authorities to be sufficiently objective? Any conclusion on the stress test results at this moment would be premature.

The peer reviews will scrutinise the results of the national reports, to validate their consistency and objectivity. These are major industrial regions which, with their heavy industries, are themselves a source of air pollution. The aim of the initiative is for the Commission to fulfil its promise to recast the existing Air Quality Directive of Regional representatives stressed that a solution must be sought in the balance between supporting industry and systematically improving the environment. The initiative states that the new Directive should be more flexible in how it treats the particular needs of certain territories in the European Union and how it positions itself regarding the efforts of regional governments to find a balance between development and sustainability.

When recasting the current legislation on air quality, will the Commission also take into account the requirements of the Air-Quality Initiative of Regions? The AIR initiative's interesting views on this and other topics will be considered carefully in the review of the Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution scheduled for The need for, and timing of, any revision of existing legislation will be considered in the review, and we would not wish to pre-empt the outcome. Quello per gonfiare le labbra o per spianare le rughe proviene dalla Gran Bretagna, dove gli esperti fanno notare gli scarsi controlli su sostanze filler che vengono utilizzate nella chirurgia estetica.

Lo ammettono gli stessi chirurghi estetici. Sul loro mercato infatti i filler sono solo 7 e possono essere iniettati soltanto da infermieri professionali. Non ritiene opportuna un'armonizzazione delle normative nazionali in questo settore? Entrambi i quadri normativi contengono disposizioni in merito alla sorveglianza successiva all'immissione sul mercato e prevedono procedure per ritirare dal mercato prodotti non sicuri. Nella sua revisione della legislazione concernente i dispositivi medici, la Commissione prevede di proporre l'inclusione soltanto per i filler destinati ad uso estetico.

Conformemente all'articolo del trattato, gli Stati membri sono responsabili dell'organizzazione e della prestazione di servizi sanitari e di cure mediche. The breast implant scare originated in France, while warnings about lip augmentation and anti-wrinkle treatments have been issued in Great Britain, where experts have pointed out that only a very limited number of checks are carried out on substances fillers used in cosmetic surgery. There are around such products on the British market in Italy , according to the ministry responsible, which admitted that the rules on cosmetic surgery were too lax.

Cosmetic surgeons themselves admit that it is likely that among the harmless substances are a number of dangerous ones. In Italy, only doctors are legally authorised to administer these injections, while in Great Britain there is no legal requirement for them to be administered by a doctor. Can the Commission, which is surely aware of this situation, answer the following questions:. Does it not think that this lack of uniformity, with regard to both the number of fillers on the market and the legal requirements governing the administration of injections, is detrimental to the objective interests of users?

Does it not agree that it would be appropriate, in order to protect consumer health, to propose strict rules and controls on the marketing of reliable fillers and to ban the improper use of Botox? Does it not agree that the European Medicines Agency could make representations to the Member States to ask them to collaborate in this necessary tightening up of trade regulations and help combat the use of synthetic fillers, which, unlike physiological fillers, are non-absorbable?

Does it not think it might be appropriate to harmonise national laws in this sector? As far as the pharmaceutical legislation applies, these products must have a marketing authorisation to ensure their quality, safety and efficacy prior to their placing on the market. As far as the medical device legislation applies, these products are classified in the highest risk classes of medical devices, and therefore a Notified Body is systematically involved in their conformity assessment procedure before their placing on the market to ensure their safety.

Both regulatory frameworks contain provisions on post-marketing surveillance and lay down procedures to withdraw unsafe products from the market. In its revision of the medical devices legislation, the Commission envisages proposing the inclusion of filling products intended for aesthetic use only.

This would ensure that these products are not regulated differently in the Member States and, through a harmonised regime, would secure a uniform level of safety in the European Union. The European Medicines Agency is responsible only for the scientific evaluation of medicinal products. The aim is to find a technical solution which prevents cigarettes which are not being actively smoke from burning down to the filter, creating a heat source and, therefore, a potential fire hazard.

The cigarette paper includes three thicker bands which slow down combustion, creating a kind of cut-off mechanism when the cigarettes are not being smoked. Given that the added paper also gives off toxic fumes when it burns, can the Commission certify that.

Can the Commission supply scientific data regarding the impact of such measures on the respiratory system? The Commission is not aware of any scientific data or other information that would suggest that the reduced ignition propensity of RIP cigarettes has an effect on the respiratory system.

Considerata la guerra civile che dal ha insanguinato lo Sri Lanka e ha causato numerosi morti e sofferenze in entrambi i fronti coinvolti, in particolar modo tra le fila delle popolazioni civili;. Viste le conclusioni del recente rapporto delle Nazioni Unite sui crimini commessi nelle fasi finali della guerra civile dello Sri Lanka;. Quali iniziative intende intraprendere per garantire il pieno rispetto dei diritti umani nel Paese ed il ripristino del godimento dei diritti civili e politici della popolazione Tamil e di tutte le minoranze nello Sri Lanka, che non possono pagare in via esclusiva le conseguenze del conflitto?

Quali iniziative intende intraprendere per garantire la liberazione di tutti i prigionieri politici che siano detenuti senza formali accuse ed in assenza di regolari processi e garanzie? Quali iniziative intende intraprendere, anche in sede internazionale, per contribuire a fare piena luce sulle ultime fasi della guerra civile?

Gli aiuti dell'Unione europea mezzi di sostentamento, acqua e strutture igienico-sanitarie, abitazioni, etc. L'UE ha incoraggiato importanti iniziative al fine di assicurare il rispetto dei diritti umani, ad esempio la revoca nel dello stato di emergenza. L'Unione europea solleva tali questioni presso le sedi competenti ad es. Un processo indipendente che faccia luce sulle accuse estremamente gravi di pesanti violazioni dei diritti umani internazionali e del diritto umanitario dovrebbe contribuire a rilanciare il processo di riconciliazione e garantire la sicurezza e una pace duratura in Sri Lanka.

The cease-fire agreement reached in was unilaterally withdrawn by the nationalist government in What steps does she plan to take to secure the release of all political prisoners who have been detained without charge and denied due process and legal safeguards? What steps she plans to take, also internationally, in order to ensure that full light is shed on events in the final stages of the civil war? The EU has encouraged serious steps to ensure respect of human rights, including the lifting of the Emergency Regulations.

The EU raises these issues in relevant fora e. Human Rights Council , including the situation of the remaining detainees, the reintegration of those released from camps and the need to clarify the events during the last stages of the conflict. Accountability for actions committed during the conflict is important for reconciliation. An independent process to address the extremely serious allegations of major violations of international human rights and humanitarian law should contribute to strengthening the process of reconciliation and ensuring lasting peace and security in SL.

This provides a forum during which concerns such as those detailed by the Honourable Member can be addressed. In the proposal of the European Commission for the new framework programme for research and innovation, HORIZON , it appears that the funding of cultural heritage research is no longer possible. The EU has a long tradition of promoting cultural heritage in Europe. The first initiatives in this field were being promoted as early as The current FP7 programme allows for funding on the basis of the cooperation element of the programme.

EUR-Lex Access to European Union law

Can the Commission confirm the foregoing and, if so, can it explain the considerations which have led to this decision? Cultural heritage research has indeed featured in all EU Research Framework Programmes since , especially regarding environmental research, with the aim of reinforcing the scientific and technical basis for protecting and rehabilitating the European patrimony and setting up joint methodologies, technologies and tools.

Complementary to research, cross-border projects addressing cultural heritage issues can also be supported in the framework of the Culture Programme. The three other applicants did not meet one or more minimum criteria of the gaming law. The procedure used in the selection process gives reason to assume that it violated EU contract law in several respects, especially as regards right of establishment and freedom to provide services.

To meet these requirements, the awarding of concessions must satisfy the principles of equal treatment, transparency and proportionality. The transparency rule appears to have been violated in this case because the intention to award the concession was not made public appropriately, the additional award criteria were formulated too vaguely, and their weightings were random.

Private applicants were unable to comply with this requirement within the application period and it would have caused them disproportional financial burdens. Is the Commission considering infringement proceedings against Austria based on its findings? The Commission is aware of the facts mentioned by the Honourable Member, and confirms that its services are currently examining a complaint relating to the consistency with EU public procurement law of the procedure followed to award the concession at issue.

If appropriate, the Commission will take the necessary measures to obtain all available elements in order to clarify the matter described. Tali attacchi sono stati organizzati in larga parte dal gruppo islamico radicale Boko Haram. Ciononostante, gli attacchi settari sono continuati con la stessa violenza. In caso di risposta affermativa, di che tipo di iniziative si tratta? The attacks have been largely orchestrated by the radical Islamist group Boko Haram.

In early January, the group issued an ultimatum telling Christians that they had three days to get out of northern Nigeria. In spite of this, sectarian attacks have continued unabated. The group also has fought with government forces, and targeted bars and beauty parlours. The group has been active since and is mostly based in the northern Nigerian states of Yobe, Kano, Bauchi, Borno and Kaduna. It takes its inspiration from groups such as the Taliban in Afghanistan and al-Qaeda. Most of the group consist of northern Islamic students and clerics, as well as university students and other professionals.

It was created in by a radical cleric based in the north-eastern state of Borno. The EU is concerned by the latest attacks and developments in Nigeria. The EU Delegation in Abuja is closely monitoring the situation. The church attacks on Christmas day and those since mark an escalation of violence and a further radicalisation.

Beyond expanding its geographical area of activity and making use of suicide attacks, it now includes the open and direct targeting by Boko Haram of the Christian community. Notwithstanding the high degree of religious tolerance, mixed marriages and peaceful religious coexistence over most of Nigeria, there is a risk that the country could be dragged into a spiral of inter-religious violence and national unity endangered. Uccisioni intertribali in Sudan Meridionale. Alla luce dei processi di riconciliazione promossi dalla missione ONU di mantenimento della pace.

Tali misure di sostegno usufruiranno nel di un finanziamento aggiuntivo di 14,5 milioni di euro. In December, youths from the predominantly animist Lou Nuer tribe had launched a series of attacks against Murle tribespeople in the state of Jonglei. The United Nations estimates that hundreds of people have been killed and thousands of people have fled their homes due to intercommunal violence. The government will attempt to introduce a civilian disarmament exercise by the end of the month, as the country is awash with weapons acquired during the civil war. In response to the increased violence in South Sudan, can the Commission provide details as to how the financial programmes listed above are implemented in order to support peace building and stabilisation efforts?

Does the Commission intend to support the South Sudanese government in its proposed civilian disarmament exercise, which is scheduled for the end of January? In light of the reconciliation processes brokered by the UN peacekeeping mission in South Sudan UNMIS , does the Commission intend to play a role in helping to support a reconciliation process between the various South Sudanese communities? The Commission is deeply concerned by tensions within South Sudan. Inter-communal clashes, particularly in Jonglei, have caused large-scale death and displacement. The EU supports the UN-led humanitarian response, including emergency healthcare, food assistance and water and sanitation.

The EU significantly contributes to peace building and stabilisation. The Commission welcomes South Sudan's decision to proceed with civilian disarmament, and will be a reliable partner in its efforts. I am writing to you on behalf of a constituent, who was recently issued with a fine for towing a car on an A-frame behind a motorhome while travelling on holiday in Germany.

For the sake of clarity, could the Commission clarify whether or not it is legal for a UK citizen to tow a car on an A-frame in Germany, as well as in the rest of the EU? According to this Convention the vehicle combinations admitted to circulation in international traffic must be made up of a motor vehicle and a trailer designed to be coupled to a motor vehicle.

As this is not the case in the situation described by the Honourable Member, a vehicle combination of two motor vehicles attached to each other by an A-frame may only circulate in those Member States where the relevant national legislation contains respective provisions. A partire dalla fine dello scorso anno si sono intensificati in Nigeria gli attacchi contro la popolazione cristiana, tra i quali hanno destato notevole scalpore, anche per il loro particolare significato, gli attentati coordinati contro diverse chiese cristiane nel giorno di Natale, che hanno causato oltre trenta vittime.

Gli estremisti islamici di Boko Haram stanno compiendo quella che pare essere una sistematica opera di pulizia etnica e religiosa, come dimostrato anche dal continuo e crescente numero di azioni violente che hanno portato alla morte e al ferimento di decine e decine di persone. Quali misure sta attuando per bloccare tali episodi di violenza etnica e religiosa contro la popolazione cristiana in Nigeria?

Gli attentati alle chiese cristiane del giorno di Natale hanno innescato un'escalation di violenza che ha ulteriormente radicalizzato la situazione. Negli ultimi mesi del il coordinatore della strategia per il Sahel e il coordinatore antiterrorismo dell'UE si sono recati in visita in Nigeria per capire come organizzare il sostegno dell'Unione nell'ambito della strategia UE per il Sahel. Since the end of last year the Christian population in Nigeria has been subjected to a growing wave of attacks, including — the case is particularly appalling, given the special significance of the timing — the coordinated bombing of several Christian churches on Christmas Day, which claimed a toll of more than thirty victims.

The Boko Haram Islamic extremists are carrying out what appears to be systematic ethnic and religious cleansing, as can be seen from the ever increasing acts of violence in which dozens have been killed or wounded. In addition, to escape the carnage, hundreds are leaving their homes in areas most at risk in the North in order to seek refuge in other parts of Nigeria, thus creating an emergency in terms of displaced persons. What measures is she taking to stop the ethnic and religious violence against the Christian population in Nigeria? The church attacks on Christmas day mark an escalation of violence and a further radicalisation.

Beyond expanding its geographical area of activity and making use of suicide attacks it now includes the open and direct targeting by Boko Haram of the Christian community. Mediterranean forests have many common characteristics but also very specific ones, whether this be in terms of their biological diversity or the climatic conditions that they have to endure.

Even if these forests only represent 1. Since , the countries in the Mediterranean region have recognised the need to work together on the same forestry-related problems and decided to create Silva Mediterranean, the only international forum for Mediterranean forests, which became an FAO statutory body in and involves participation from EU countries. As a reminder, on this occasion these experts called on the Union for the Mediterranean to take action to protect and enhance the role of Mediterranean forests in terms of food safety and the sustainable development of rural areas.

As fire is one of the most serious threats for Mediterranean forest ecosystems, what projects are planned in the context of the Union for the Mediterranean for fire prevention and control? Which Euro-Mediterranean projects exist or are planned to combat invasive species and destructive insects which ravage Mediterranean trees?

Finally, what does the Commission plan to support agroforestry development and the forestry industry within the Euro-Mediterranean framework? Different measures can be chosen by the Member States according to their specific needs to enhance the role of forests in the Mediterranean region. The cohesion policy is also available to assist the Member States in improving the prevention of natural disasters, including forest fires.

Concerning industrial aspects of forestry, the cutting, removal and use of wood for industrial processing and energy reduces the build-up of flammable forest biomass and hence the risk of fire. In risposta ad un'interrogazione scritta sul medesimo tema presentata dall'on. L'articolo del trattato sul funzionamento dell'Unione europea costituisce la base giuridica per la disciplina dell'emissione di banconote e monete in euro da parte dell'Eurosistema costituito dalla Banca centrale europea e dalle banche centrali nazionali.

The ownership of the euro banknotes and coins after issuance by the Eurosystem is governed by the national law applying at the moment of transfer of the banknotes and coins to the new owner, e. In the s, as a way of expanding their business and supplementing their income, a number of French farmers began to offer new educational activities designed to help children and young people learn about agriculture and life in the countryside.

The concept of educational farm tourism is now a successful one in European Union countries, particularly in France, where there are around farm education centres. The most professional centres are in France, Switzerland, Austria and Germany. The farms involved focus on different aspects of agriculture, including organic farming, environmental protection, dairy and beef cattle breeding, wine production, and processing and showcasing farm products.

All of the farms involved are well adapted to provide educational activities. There is close cooperation between farmers and teachers, and the range of subjects on offer is determined by the farming family running the activities. These activities help groups of children and young people learn more about nature, ecology and health, and help teach them about different forms of production and specialised production. This is clearly an interesting approach to service provision and promotion.

Is the Commission intending to provide various forms of support and assistance with a view to promoting and providing information on these kinds of farms, in particular in European countries in which educational farm tourism has not yet taken off? This is one of the objectives of the European rural development policy. In this context, it is possible to fund investments in educational farms and educational farm tourism activities in rural areas. Support for educational farm activities and their marketing could also be provided under Leader if the local development strategy recognises this field as an area that needs to be developed.

For the new programming period , the Commission has proposed to maintain its investment support for diversification and rural tourism activities. Moreover, it has proposed the possibility for the EAFRD to provide a start-up aid for those who invest in new non-agricultural activities in rural areas. In this context, operating costs could be potentially covered.

The support possibilities under Leader will also be maintained. If so, could the Commission clarify the amount, and identify the relevant Member States? The Commission is sending directly to the Honourable Member and to Parliament's Secretariat a table containing the data requested. La legge finanziaria italiana per l'anno L. In riferimento alla richiesta di disapplicazione della norma sul divieto di intraprendere o proseguire azioni esecutive, va rilevato che l'art.

La condizione giovanile in Italia. Rapporto giovani 2016

Would the Commission state whether the legislation in question law hinders access to justice within a reasonable time and, consequently, is contrary to Community law? Because that remedy is intended to clarify whether rights or freedoms actually guaranteed by the law of the European Union are violated, this right to an effective remedy arises from the time that an arguable complaint relating to the infringement is made. In the situation referred to by the Honourable Member, there is no indication that a right or freedom actually guaranteed by the law of the European Union was at stake in the domestic proceedings.

In conclusion it has to be said, that the situation described in the question does not allow to infer that the Charter of Fundamental Rights nor European Union law has been infringed. It may however be assessed in the context of European Convention of Human Rights by the appropriate international institution, i. Kommissionen er imidlertid ikke klar over grundene til, at BKA ikke er medlem af konsortiet. More information can be found on the project's website. The Commission is, however, not aware of the reasons why the BKA is not a member of the consortium. The question should be put directly to the BKA.

This is a simple matter of Danish companies moving both investments and order work away from Denmark in order to be able to compete. In this connection it should be noted that the Danish krone is linked to the euro, fluctuating within a 2. Can the Commission say what it thinks would be the result of Denmark renouncing the link to the euro and what financial policy measures the Commission thinks Denmark would have to take in this case? Following the referendum, Denmark negotiated four opt-outs from the Maastricht Treaty, including participation in monetary and economic union EMU.

With the introduction of the euro in its virtual form in the Danish krone joined the Exchange Rate Mechanism ERM II to ensure that exchange rate fluctuations between the euro and other EU currencies do not disrupt economic stability within the single market. Regarding the question on possible effects of abandoning ERM II, the Commission does not speculate on future exchange-rate developments that could result of hypothetical political decisions. The Brazilian Senate has just passed a bill that allows more destruction of the Amazon Rainforest.

Areas formerly held to be too steep or vital to the protection of watersheds and watercourses are among those now open to destruction. While there is research that indicates that deforestation of the Amazon Rainforest is declining, this new bill would undo all the progress that has been made in recent years. Under the PAC, large areas of the Amazon are opened up to development, improving the viability of soy, oil palm, logging and beef production in once remote areas.

The reasons for land-clearing in the Amazon are compelling: These factors have helped Brazil become an agricultural superpower in less than a generation. What is the Commission willing to do in order to show the Brazilian authorities the importance that should be placed on the protection of the Amazon Rainforest, as a global responsibility?

How could the Commission bring pressure to bear in order to convince Brazilian legislators that this bill should not be passed? The Commission is aware of the proposed revision of Brazil's Forest Code, which was voted in the Brazilian Senate and will now be examined by Parliament. The Commission views with concern any modification of Brazil's Forest Code that would weaken the current system of compulsory forest conservation. The EU and Brazil hold regular policy dialogue meetings on environmental issues and on climate change.

In the course of the last dialogue which took place in the Commission has raised concerns about possible implications of some of the proposed amendments to the Forest Code. There is currently a lively debate on this issue in Brazil, which shows that a difficult balance has to be drawn between competing interests. In a period of economic crisis, sales in Member States and countries bordering the European Union are very popular with consumers and traders alike. Consumers can make savings or purchase goods that would otherwise be too expensive.

Commercial practices have changed massively in recent years following the advent of the Internet, enlargements and European integration. For traders, sales offer an opportunity to sell remaining stock more easily at the end of the season. The volumes involved vary increasingly each year, according to the economic situation, but also depend on weather conditions. Currently Member States are free to fix sales periods on their territory, resulting in heightened competition between neighbouring areas.

Equally, this situation distorts competition between cross-border traders, since the start of the sales can vary from year to year with differences of between several days and several weeks. Does the Commission intend to launch an information campaign in order to promote the rights of consumers, in particular as regards cross-border and online purchases? Is the Commission planning to set aside a period for sales at Community level, taking account of any specific local features region bordering countries outside the European Union or with a strongly seasonal economy?

The Commission considers that informing and educating consumers in an effective way is essential to make them feel empowered and confident. The upcoming Consumer Agenda will specifically address the issue of consumer information. As regards online purchases, already in the Commission issued the.

The e-commerce Communication also includes actions to improve online information and consumer protection. Additionally, the Directorates-General for Health and Consumers and Justice inform consumers on their rights on their web pages. The Commission does currently not have any plans to regulate at EU level the period under which sales are allowed in the Member States. However, the Commission is well aware of the existence of diverging legal rules across different Member States.

Nevertheless, no policy recommendations were made in this respect. EU consumer protection laws do not regulate periods during which sales are allowed or restricted. Afbouw kostenterugwinning voor waterdiensten in Nederland. Dit is inmiddels niet meer het geval. Is het correct dat het onderzoek naar de Nederlandse implementatie van art.

Neemt de Commissie in acht dat veel watermaatregelen van de KRW ook noodzakelijk zijn voor het voldoen aan verplichtingen op grond van de Vogel— en Habitatrichtlijnen? Welke actie zal de Commissie ondernemen indien uitstel van KRW-maatregelen leidt tot achteruitgang van de staat van instandhouding van de soorten en habitats van de Habitat en Vogelrichtlijnen? Hierin betoogt de Commissie onder meer dat onttrekking van grond water moet worden beschouwd als een waterdienst waarop in de regel kostenterugwinning van toepassing is.

Tevens wordt nagegaan of voldaan wordt aan de voorwaarden om uitstel te krijgen voor het bereiken van de doelstellingen art. Wijzigingen in het belastingstelsel kunnen in dit verband vanzelfsprekend van belang zijn. As appears from reports by the Commission, various Member States are currently being called to account for the incorrect implementation of Art. It concerns the recovery of costs for water services. According to the data provided to the Commission by the Netherlands, the cost of groundwater management is almost fully recovered. This is no longer the case.

Is it correct that the investigation into the implementation by the Netherlands of Art. Is the Commission prepared to consider the abolition of these taxes in the context of the investigation underway against the Netherlands regarding compliance with Art. Which steps will the Commission take if it emerges that the Netherlands does not recover sufficiently the cost of water services while, at the same time, economising on measures already included in the river basin management plans, arguing that there is not enough money?

Does the Commission take into consideration that many of the water measures provided for by the WFD are also necessary in order to comply with obligations under the Wild Birds and Habitats Directives?