The State shall ensure the development of science and scientific research, technique and technology in the public interest. The State shall assume a policy of implementing strategies to incorporate the knowledge and application of new information and communication technologies. The State, universities, production companies and public and private services, and natives and peasant indigenous peoples, shall develop and coordinate research processes, innovation, promotion, dissemination, application and transfer of science and technology to strengthen the productive base and promote the integral development of society, in accordance with the law.
Constitution of Bolivia - Wikipedia
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View or edit your browsing history. Get to Know Us. Communal democracy takes place through the "election, designation or nomination of authorities and representatives" among indigenous , originary, or campesino peoples and nations, using their own norms and procedures.
The same chapter establishes a separation of powers between four branches of government: Bolivia also becomes a "pacifist state" that rejects war, although it reserves a right to "legitimate defense. The Constitution is established as the supreme law of the Bolivian state,  and 36 indigenous languages as well as Spanish are declared official languages. All departmental governments must use, as official languages, one indigenous language in addition to Spanish. The Constitution assigns the role of national capital to Sucre , not referring to La Paz in the text.
La Paz thus continues to be the seat of government and de facto administrative capital. The electoral authorities, which will become a fourth constitutional power, will be situated in Sucre. Following the Constitution's enactment, new elections to all public bodies are to be held, and all previous terms will not be considered for term limits.
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Additionally, the President will be allowed to be re-elected once, thus allowing Evo Morales two more terms if he decides to pursue this route. The Constitution of Bolivia states that the country has an unrenounciable right over the territory that gives it access to the Pacific Ocean and its maritime space. This is understood as Chilean territory that Bolivia ceded in Treaty of Peace and Friendship of between Chile and Bolivia after the War of the Pacific which left Bolivia a landlocked country. The text also pledges to achieve resolution to the issue "through peaceful means.
The state of Bolivia declares its indispensable and irreversible right over the territories that give it access to the Pacific Ocean and its maritime space.
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The effective solution to the maritime problem is to be carried out by peaceful means and the exercise of sovereignty over said territory, constitutes permanent objectives and indispensable ones of the Bolivian State. One important change in the new constitution is the introduction of an article concerning coca. The State shall protect native and ancestral coca as cultural patrimony, a renewable natural resource of Bolivia's biodiversity, and as a factor of social cohesion; in its natural state it is not a narcotic.
Its revaluing, production, commercialization, and industrialization shall be regulated by law.
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The Constitution is accompanied by a transitional law. In order for the various bodies of government created under the Constitution to function a set of five structural laws were needed, and a deadline of days following the enactment of the Constitution was set for these laws to be passed.
An analysis by Minister of Autonomy Carlos Romero estimates that at least laws must be approved to fully implement the new constitution. As of April [update] , sixteen such laws had been passed. The Constitution replaces or renames a wide variety of institutions.
This following table is a summary of such changes. Bolivia has had seventeen constitutions, including the present one, since its foundation in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Spanish. December Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the Spanish article. Google's machine translation is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia.
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