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The Sudarium is, of course, first mentioned by St. It was no wonder that the placement of the burial linens was what led John and Peter to believe in the Resurrection. Without even considering the existence of an image on the Shroud, it would have been impossible to steal a body without unwrapping it first. The burial linens were returned to Joseph of Arimathea, and the Sudarium was later given to St.

Peter, who used it to heal the sick and eventually hid it, according to historical documentation from the fourth century. The only serious mishap since the Muslim invasion occurred just prior to the Spanish Civil War. In the revolutionaries placed dynamite in the Crypt of St. Leocadia, directly below the Holy Chamber, and destroyed it, scattering the relics. The Sudarium was found in the rubble unharmed, and the room was soon reconstructed using the original stones. The chest and the two famous crosses have been restored. Little is known about the history of the Shroud of Turin prior to the tenth century, which is not unusual because it contained an image of God, strictly forbidden in Jewish culture.

Many of the first Christians were Jews, of course, and therefore no one should be surprised that its whereabouts were unknown for so long in order to avoid its destruction, which would have been required by Jewish law. Early Christian icons from this period, which appear to have been copied from the Shroud of Turin, are an indication that the face manifested on the relic was known around that time. The Edessa cloth no longer exists, and many scholars believe that it was taken to Constantinople in where it was shown full-length.

After Constantinople was occupied by the Crusaders, many relics were dispersed, and in the Shroud is reported to have been in Lirey, France. It was taken to Turin in Pollens found on the Shroud confirm this traditional route. The Sudarium remained in Jerusalem for several centuries before its transfer to Spain across the Mediterranean, and the Shroud went north to Turkey, and later to Constantinople, France and finally Italy. Both histories are confirmed by tradition, historical documentation and pollen studies.

How much a relationship can be established between the two? What does the Sudarium reveal about the Shroud?

Sacred Blood, Sacred Image: The Sudarium Of Oviedo - Janice Bennett - Google Книги

One of the most convincing pieces of evidence that the Shroud and the Sudarium did indeed cover the same person is the fact that a unique pattern of puncture wounds at the nape of the neck matches on both relics. This would be extremely significant even if the crowning with thorns were standard punishment for crucifixion victims, but is absolutely staggering when we consider that Jesus is the only person we know of who was ever "crowned" in such a way. It is also important to keep in mind that normal procedure was to leave the corpse on the cross until wild animals devoured the remains.

Burial itself was unusual, so to find two burial cloths from a crucified man that match is astounding, even more so because they both manifest all the wounds suffered by Christ. There are no other burial cloths in existence like these two relics, which tradition has always maintained are those of Christ. Perhaps even more amazing, however, is the fact that the characteristic trickle of blood in the shape of the Greek epsilon that is so prominent on the Shroud of Turin, appears on the Sudarium of Oviedo in the very same place, including the drop that appears just below it.

Not only that, on the Shroud there is evidence that this drop of blood was previously blotted by another cloth. Many are from EDICES, and explain visually the bloodstains and wrinkles found on the cloth, its comparison with the Shroud of Turin, how the cloth was used, and its historical odyssey from Jerusalem to Spain. Published first published February To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up.

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During this time, the nails were removed from His hands and feet. The sudarium was removed and wrapped around the head again, using a different method than before. The cloth was unrolled to its full size and wrapped around the whole head, covering it like a hood. It was then fastened to the hair with sharp pins, leaving small perforations on the fabric. The head covering became cone shaped when it was tied at the top of the head. His face was supported by someone's left hand. A great stain in the form of a triangle clearly shows the fingers and left palm of this person on Jesus' cheek.

It took no more than 5 to 10 minutes to produce this stain, perhaps the time it took to carry Jesus' body to His garden tomb, which was very near where He was crucified John The corpse was then turned on its side and the cloth removed from the head and not used again. Compared to the Shroud of Turin, both cloths have AB blood type belonging to a male. The size of the nose imprints is identical, measuring 8 centimeters long and 2 centimeters wide.

In both cases the right side of the nose appears swollen and slightly bent to the right, and the right cheek exhibits a large wound.

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The bloodstains on the cloths are similar to each other in shape and arrangement. Scientists agree that the Sudarium of Oviedo and the Shroud of Turin covered the same person. The only negative evidence against the sudarium has been carbon dating, saying the cloth dates to between A.

But carbon dating becomes very inaccurate if the object has accumulated carbon particles, which woven fabrics easily absorb. The sudarium cannot be a medieval fake. Medieval forgers did not have the knowledge of which pollen seeds occurred only in the Holy Land.

I only had one wish regarding this book. It is difficult to read because of the sentence construction. Almost every sentence is too long and punctuated by too many commas. But the book is worth reading because of the outstanding scientific and historic research of a cloth that most certainly once covered the face of Jesus Christ.

Other reviewers describe the book pretty well, so I'll focus on special aspects. It also goes through the evidence that the Sudarium and the Shroud were on the same person. Completely aside from issues of the Sudarium and the Shroud, the book has a very good section on issues related to relics.

She also points out that pilgrimage sites were major revenue sources and medieval forgeries were common.

Numerous examples are "die" instead of "the", and "doth" instead of "cloth". These are not oddball errors -- they occur numerous times. Most of the errors are pretty obvious and could have been quickly spotted just spending hours skimming the text. There also are the usual OCR errors such as commas and periods being swapped and capitalized words in the middle of a sentence. Bennett traces the history of the survival and veneration of a presumed relic of the death and burial of Jesus of Nazareth, a relic about which relatively little has been known outside Spain, where it has been kept since the eighth century.

The relic is a square of linen about the size of a handtowel, and was presumably used to cover the face of Jesus'corpse before he was removed from the cross, and remained over his face until his corpse was placed into the tomb, where a clean shroud replaced it the Shroud of Turin?