Delany and Edward W. Blyden, called for an actual return to Africa, while others, such as Frederick Douglass, were determined to struggle to end slavery and achieve their human and civil rights in the country of their former enslavement, the United States. At the turn of the century, a number of prominent West African intellectuals—among them, Blyden, Joseph E.
Casely Hayford, and James Africanus Horton—began to promote African nationalism and to advocate African self-government with the motto "Africa for the Africans. The authors trace the birth of the organized pan-African movement to the founding of the African Association in London in and the convening, in the same city, of the first pan-African conference three years later.
They note that during the s pan-Africanism was strongly influenced by the ideology of Marxism-Leninism and socialism as a model of development. This was reflected in the life and work of such scholars and activists as Du Bois, Hunton, C. James, George Padmore, and Paul Robeson.
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As the authors rightly observe, while Europe was the center of the pan-African world before , the focus of pan-African activity switched to Africa after that date. Stimulated by the independence of Ghana and the dynamic leadership of its first president, Kwame Nkrumah, a new type of pan-Africanism emerged, aimed at the total liberation of Africa from colonial and white minority rule and culminating in the founding of the Organization of African Unity in May Outlining the political profiles of the major pan-African leaders of the last three centuries in less than two hundred pages was surely a daunting task.
Adi and Sherwood have done a fine job in terms of the breadth and depth of their coverage. They also have made a special effort to include key women figures of pan-African history such as Constance Cummings-John, Claudia Jones, and Amy Ashwood Garvey, although, as they themselves admit, "the general [End Page ] lack of research on the contributions of women in Pan-African history is sadly reflected in this book" x. At the end of each entry, the person's main publications not cited in the text are listed, along with suggestions for further reading.
In addition, the authors have carefully cross-referenced the many people profiled who knew or collaborated with each other. A detailed index completes the work.
In spite of these positive features, however, this work suffers from a number of problems and deficiencies. The main one has to do with the admittedly difficult choice of the political figures for inclusion in the volume. As the authors explain, "our aim has been to keep some sense of balance between the number of entries from each geographical region" x.
Yet the criteria for inclusion remain fuzzy, and the reasons for excluding some key pan-African figures rather puzzling.
Thus a key Nigerian nationalist and pan-Africanist political leader, Nnamdi Azikiwe, although mentioned frequently, is not included, while his lesser-known compatriots Fadipe and Solanke are. Also excluded is Kenya's first president, Jomo Kenyatta, mentioned no less than twelve times in the text.
If only because attempts have been made to erase his memory completely, mention should have been made of Denmark Vesey, the leader in of the largest slave rebellion in U. The authors have also left out some key references from the "further reading" rubric.
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Also inexcusable is their irritating tendency to misspell almost every French name in the text. Some major factual inaccuracies have also crept into the book. Regarding the final days of the late prime minister of Congo, Patrice Lumumba, Hakim Adi states that "he managed to escape from [End Page ] house arrest and traveled to Stanleyville [Kisangani] to establish a new government and a new army.
Lumumba's government began to gain increasing influence throughout Congo" You may send this item to up to five recipients. The name field is required.
Pan-African history : political figures from Africa and the Diaspora since 1787
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Write a review Rate this item: Preview this item Preview this item. Hakim Adi ; Marika Sherwood Publisher: London ; New York: English View all editions and formats Summary:. Allow this favorite library to be seen by others Keep this favorite library private. Find a copy in the library Finding libraries that hold this item Hakim Adi ; Marika Sherwood Find more information about: Hakim Adi Marika Sherwood. Publisher Synopsis "Examines Pan-Africanist thinkers and activists from the Anglophone and Francophone worlds of the past two hundred years.. User-contributed reviews Add a review and share your thoughts with other readers.
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