It is an international collection, featuring authors and scholars who write in different languages from different literary, spiritual, and personal perspectives. The book explores long-standing questions: What are the criteria for identifying Jewish literature? Are they language, religious affiliation of the author, religious sensibility, a distinctive Jewish imagination, or literary tradition? If the writer is the criterion, do Sholem Aleichem and Nathanael West really inhabit a shared universe?
Is a text by S. Agnon part of the same literary tradition as a play by Arthur Miller? Is Yiddish or Hebrew or Ladino the defining element? Call it sleep by Henry Roth Book 11 editions published between and in English and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide "When Henry Roth published his debut novel Call It Sleep in , it was greeted with considerable critical acclaim, though, in those troubled times, lackluster sales.
Only with its paperback publication thirty years later did this novel receive the recognition it deserves - and still enjoys.
Having sold to date millions of copies worldwide, Call It Sleep is the story of David Schearl, the "dangerously imaginative" child coming of age in the slums of New York. The Cambridge history of Jewish American literature by Hana Wirth-Nesher Book 17 editions published between and in English and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide This History offers an unparalleled examination of all aspects of Jewish American literature. Jewish writing has played a central role in the formation of the national literature of the United States, from the Hebraic sources of the Puritan imagination to narratives of immigration and acculturation.
Call It English: The Languages of Jewish American Literature - Hana Wirth-Nesher - Google Книги
This body of writing has also enriched global Jewish literature in its engagement with Jewish history and Jewish multilingual culture. Written by a host of leading scholars, 'The Cambridge history of Jewish American literature' offers an array of approaches that contribute to current debates about ethnic writing, minority discourse, transnational literature, gender studies, and multilingualism.
This History takes a fresh look at celebrated authors, introduces new voices, locates Jewish American literature on the map of American ethnicity as well as the spaces of exile and diaspora, and stretches the boundaries of American literature beyond the Americas and the West. The Sheila Carmel lectures, by Sheila Carmel lecture Book 5 editions published in in English and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide. The Sheila Carmel lectures, Book 3 editions published in in English and held by 31 WorldCat member libraries worldwide.
The force of vision by International Comparative Literature Association Book 14 editions published in in English and French and held by 25 WorldCat member libraries worldwide. Jewish American Literature 1 edition published in in English and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide Jewish Americans produced some of the most important writing in the U.
- Speaking Jewish: Writing English with Hana Wirth-Nesher.
- Re Torrismondo (Italian Edition).
- Jewish Studies @ PENN.
- Jewish languages - Wikipedia.
- La forza del destino: Storia dItalia dal 1796 a oggi (Economica Laterza) (Italian Edition).
- Wirth-Nesher, Hana [WorldCat Identities]!
This Companion addresses the distinctive Jewish American contribution to American literary criticism, poetry and popular culture. It establishes the broadest possible context for the discussion of Jewish American identity as it intersects with the corpus of American literature. Featuring a chronology and guide to further reading, the volume is valuable to scholars and students alike.
Roseann Runte, Hans R. Runte by International Comparative Literature Association Book 5 editions published in in English and Miscellaneous languages and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide. Due to continued liturgical and literary use of Hebrew and Aramaic, Jewish communities were naturally in a state of diglossia. Jews were expected to also have knowledge of Judeo-Aramaic, the language of religious commentary targumim as well as many prayers, including the Kaddish.
Hebrew, the "Holy Tongue", was the highest linguistic register in these communities, used for liturgy and study. Hebrew-Aramaic is the only adstratum shared by all Jewish languages. Some Jewish languages show the effects of the history of language shift among the speakers, including Hebrew-Aramaic influence. Yiddish exemplifies such a language. Some Jewish languages may become marked as distinctively Jewish because some shift affected some parts of the language as a whole.
For example, what is today known as Baghdad Jewish Arabic because it is the Arabic variety that was up until recently spoken by Baghdad's Jews was originally the Arabic dialect of Baghdad itself and was used by all religious groups in Baghdad, but the Muslim residents of Baghdad later adopted Bedouin dialects of Arabic. Similarly, a dialect may be perceived as Jewish because its Jewish speakers brought the dialect of another region with them when they were displaced. In some cases this may cause a dialect to be perceived as "Jewish" in some regions but not in others.
Some Jewish language varieties may not be classified as languages due to mutual intelligibility with their parent language, as with Judeo-Malayalam and Judeo-Spanish. In the case of Judeo-Spanish, also known as Ladino , linguistically it is a dialect of Spanish , mutually intelligible with other Spanish dialects and varieties , albeit with each Spanish dialect having loanwords and influences from different source languages: Another possibility is that Jews may speak the same language as their non-Jewish neighbors, but occasionally insert Hebrew-Aramaic or other Jewish elements. This is a transitory state in the shift from use of a Jewish to a non-Jewish language, often made in the context of assimilation.
This occurred, for example, with many educated German Jews who transitioned from Western Yiddish to German.
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This variety of German, used between and the end of the 19th century the Haskala , was written with the Hebrew alphabet , and contained a small number of Hebrew and Yiddish loans. Ladino , also called Judezmo and Muestra Spanyol , is the Judeo-Spanish language developed by Sephardic Jews who lived in the Iberian peninsula before the Spanish inquisition.
Many ancient and distinct Jewish languages, including Judaeo-Georgian , Judeo-Arabic , Judeo-Berber , Krymchak and Judeo-Malayalam have largely fallen out of use due the impact of the Holocaust on European Jewry, the Jewish exodus from Arab lands , the assimilation policies of Israel in its early days and other factors.
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Yiddish was the language spoken by the largest number of Jews in the s, but today the three most commonly spoken languages among Jews are English, modern Hebrew, and Russian—in that order. Yiddish, as well as several other Jewish languages, has contributed to the vocabulary of coterritorial non-Jewish languages, such as English or French .
Kol Israel Israel's public service broadcaster has long maintained daily short news and features programming in many Jewish languages and dialects. In the United States there are some local radio programs in Yiddish as there are also in Birobidzhan in Russia. For centuries Jews worldwide spoke the local or dominant languages of the regions they migrated to, often developing distinctive dialectal forms or branching off as independent languages. The usual course of development for these languages was through the addition of Hebrew words and phrases used to express uniquely Jewish concepts and concerns.
Speaking Jewish, Writing English: Language in Jewish American Literature
Often they were written in Hebrew letters, including the block letters used in Hebrew today and Rashi script. Conversely, Ladino, formerly written in Rashi script, since the s is usually written in Turkey in the Latin alphabet with a spelling similar to that of Turkish , and has been occasionally printed in the Greek and Cyrillic alphabets. Also, some Yiddish-speakers have adopted the use of the Latin alphabet, in place of the Hebrew alphabet. This is predominantly to enable communications over the internet, without the need for special Hebrew keyboards.
The Hebrew alphabet has also been used to transcribe a number of languages including Arabic, English, French, Spanish, [ citation needed ] German, and Greek.
While not common, such practice has occurred intermittently over the last two thousand years. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.