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Nikolay Mikhailovich Karamzin Russian: His father was an officer in the Russian army. He was sent to Moscow to study under Swiss-German Teacher Johann Matthias Schaden; he later moved to St Petersburg, where he made the acquaintance of Dmitriev, a Russian poet of some merit, and occupied himself with translating essays by foreign writers into his native language.
After residing for some time in St Petersburg he went to Simbirsk, where he lived in retirement until induced to revisit Moscow. There, finding himself in the midst of the society of learned men, he again took to literary work. In he resolved to travel, and visited Germany, France, Switzerland and England.
On his return he published his Letters of a Russian Traveller, which met with great success. In the same periodical Karamzin also published translations from French and some original stories, including Poor Liza and Natalia the Boyar's Daughter both These stories introduced Russian readers to sentimentalism, and Karamzin was hailed as "a Russian Sterne". In Karamzin abandoned his literary journal and published a miscellany in two volumes entitled Aglaia, in which appeared, among other stories, The Island of Bornholm and Ilya Muromets, the latter a story based on the adventures of the well-known hero of many a Russian legend.
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From to he issued another miscellany or poetical almanac, The Aonides, in conjunction with Derzhavin and Dmitriev. In he compiled The Pantheon, a collection of pieces from the works of the most celebrated authors ancient and modern, translated into Russian. Many of his lighter productions were subsequently printed by him in a volume entitled My Trifles. Admired by Alexander Pushkin and Vladimir Nabokov, the style of his writings is elegant and flowing, modelled on the easy sentences of the French prose writers rather than the long periodical paragraphs of the old Slavonic school.
It was not until after the publication of this work that he realized where his strength lay, and commenced his 12 volume History of the Russian State. In order to accomplish the task, he secluded himself for two years at Simbirsk, the Volga river town where Vladimir Ilych Ulyanov, a. Lenin, - , was born. This town was known then, after Lenin, for some 60 years as Ulianovsk, while Saint Petersburg became Leningrad till around When emperor Alexander learned the cause of his retirement, Karamzin was invited to Tver, where he read to the emperor the first eight volumes of his history.
He was a strong supporter of the anti-Polish policies of the Russian Empire, and expressed hope that there would be no Poland under any shape or name In he removed to St Petersburg, where he spent the happiest days of his life, enjoying the favour of Alexander I and submitting to him the sheets of his great work, which the emperor read over with him in the gardens of the palace of Tsarskoye Selo.
He did not, however, live to carry his work further than the eleventh volume, terminating it at the accession of Michael Romanov in He died on the 22nd of May old style , in the Taurida palace. I also found that the censored parts, which I feared would become aggravating, actually just lead for closer reading on my part! So glad to have read this, a pity the story was never finished! Loved the book, which contains quite thorough description of Russian peasants and Imperialism and its repercussions. Although, I was quite sad about the fact that the author had to rush finishing this romance, as he was heavily sick, and the book was never truly finished due to his death.
That fact left me with a feeling that there's so much more that needs to be told, but he hadn't chance to tell you. Seven peasants argue over who is most happy and free in Russia. Each has a different idea, and when a little bird gives them a magic tablecloth that serves them a feast each day including a bucket of vodka, they travel about Russia to find out which of the seven is right.
The little bird warns them not to use use the tablecloth to order more than one bucket of vodka per day. I looked it up and found that a bucket was a standard measure for vodka in tsarist times consisting of approximately three Seven peasants argue over who is most happy and free in Russia. I looked it up and found that a bucket was a standard measure for vodka in tsarist times consisting of approximately three gallons, so as long as they each only drank approximately a fifth of vodka a day they would be fine!
As they travel through Russia, they unsurprisingly encounter one horrible tale after another of cruelty, beatings, starvation, imprisonment, and all other manner of endless suffering of the hard working and hard drinking Russian people. It's a classic story of Russia told in verse. So the upshot of it is that no one appears to live happy and free, but on another level of course they all do, because the ones who live at all are happy to be alive and the freedom is in their souls, even if not in their outward condition. I'm sure that the life of the peasantry in tsarist times was generally beyond awful, far worse in some ways that what is depicted in this book, but the picture drawn by Nekrasov is clearly romanticized and is meant to celebrate the Russian volk, purified and redeemed through their suffering.
Unfortunately, there was really only one character who engaged me -- the woman, Matrona; she managed to maintain strength, beauty and nobility in the face of her suffering that I did not feel in the other characters. This book sat on my shelf for more than forty years before I got around to reading it.
I'm glad I finally did, but I also didn't have a lot of regret for failing to read it early. It was good, but not great. Dec 19, Maxim Dobryi rated it really liked it. Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar.
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