Maus by Art Spiegelman. Empire of the Sun by JG Ballard: When I read it to my daughters, one of them laughed until she fell off the bed at Max and his French homework. Then we cried over Onkel Julius, because the fear, and the terrible implications of Hitler winning the election, are all there too, calmly and clearly explained. Shalini Boland, author of the Outside dystopia series as well as A Shirtful of Frogs , a second world war timeslip adventure I want to recommend Goodnight Mr Tom by Michelle Magorian is a beautiful tale of the makeshift families that were created when children were evacuated from the cities.
A true modern classic that will make you think long after you turn the last page. I saw the film before I read the book. Not one but two doomed love affairs set towards the end of the second world war. I loved the vast richness of his canvas from an Italian monastery to the deserts of North Africa, the weaving of the politics of war with the power play of passion, all exhilarated with the thirst for exploration and adventure.
It shows how devastating an effect a war can have on children. So, ultimately it helped him find his identity and place in society. Site member, Infinity scolopendra I like the Michael Morpurgo books on the second world war. Piers Torday , author of the Last Wild trilogy I have a few to recommend! First of all Hero on a Bicycle by Shirley Hughes. Shirley Hughes is one of my literary heroes but her story is about a very different kind of hero. Britain was never invaded during the war, but this tense adventure gives a thrilling taste of the dilemmas which might have faced young people if we had been.
Otto by Tomi Ungerer. A beautifully illustrated classic tale about a teddy bear separated from his Jewish owner at the start of the war — will they ever find each other again? Says so much with great simplicity and power. As a young boy growing up in the North East, I remember being hooked by this Carnegie award-winning yarn about five children from the region who find a working machine gun in a crashed Luftwaffe plane and set about defending their home town from bombing raids with dramatic results. It made me realise that war sweeps everyone up in its path, whatever their age.
He also creates an incredibly exciting adventure with Chas and his gang finding a German machine gun and the lengths they go to conceal it. It includes the true story of the bomb that comes crashing through the roof, bounces round his bedroom before landing in the grate and exploding up the chimney. We see all its little absurdities played out in the life and times of William Brown, always aged Or at least lie between the tracks. I also want to quote what year-old Yitskhok Rudashevski wrote in his diary during his imprisonment in the Vilna Ghetto:. It took as its point of departure Pascal's distinction between the God of the philosophers and the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.
In my inaugural lecture at Bonn in , I tried to address the issue,  and I do not intend to repeat here what I said on that occasion, but I would like to describe at least briefly what was new about this second stage of dehellenization. Harnack's central idea was to return simply to the man Jesus and to his simple message, underneath the accretions of theology and indeed of hellenization: Jesus was said to have put an end to worship in favour of morality. In the end he was presented as the father of a humanitarian moral message.
Fundamentally, Harnack's goal was to bring Christianity back into harmony with modern reason, liberating it, that is to say, from seemingly philosophical and theological elements, such as faith in Christ's divinity and the triune God. In this sense, historical-critical exegesis of the New Testament, as he saw it, restored to theology its place within the university: What it is able to say critically about Jesus is, so to speak, an expression of practical reason and consequently it can take its rightful place within the university. Behind this thinking lies the modern self-limitation of reason, classically expressed in Kant's "Critiques", but in the meantime further radicalized by the impact of the natural sciences.
This modern concept of reason is based, to put it briefly, on a synthesis between Platonism Cartesianism and empiricism, a synthesis confirmed by the success of technology. On the one hand it presupposes the mathematical structure of matter, its intrinsic rationality, which makes it possible to understand how matter works and use it efficiently: On the other hand, there is nature's capacity to be exploited for our purposes, and here only the possibility of verification or falsification through experimentation can yield decisive certainty.
The weight between the two poles can, depending on the circumstances, shift from one side to the other. As strongly positivistic a thinker as J. This gives rise to two principles which are crucial for the issue we have raised. First, only the kind of certainty resulting from the interplay of mathematical and empirical elements can be considered scientific.
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Anything that would claim to be science must be measured against this criterion. Hence the human sciences, such as history, psychology, sociology and philosophy, attempt to conform themselves to this canon of scientificity.
A second point, which is important for our reflections, is that by its very nature this method excludes the question of God, making it appear an unscientific or pre-scientific question. Consequently, we are faced with a reduction of the radius of science and reason, one which needs to be questioned. I will return to this problem later.
In the meantime, it must be observed that from this standpoint any attempt to maintain theology's claim to be "scientific" would end up reducing Christianity to a mere fragment of its former self. But we must say more: The subject then decides, on the basis of his experiences, what he considers tenable in matters of religion, and the subjective "conscience" becomes the sole arbiter of what is ethical.
In this way, though, ethics and religion lose their power to create a community and become a completely personal matter. This is a dangerous state of affairs for humanity, as we see from the disturbing pathologies of religion and reason which necessarily erupt when reason is so reduced that questions of religion and ethics no longer concern it. Attempts to construct an ethic from the rules of evolution or from psychology and sociology, end up being simply inadequate.
Before I draw the conclusions to which all this has been leading, I must briefly refer to the third stage of dehellenization, which is now in progress.
In the light of our experience with cultural pluralism, it is often said nowadays that the synthesis with Hellenism achieved in the early Church was an initial inculturation which ought not to be binding on other cultures. The latter are said to have the right to return to the simple message of the New Testament prior to that inculturation, in order to inculturate it anew in their own particular milieux. This thesis is not simply false, but it is coarse and lacking in precision.
The New Testament was written in Greek and bears the imprint of the Greek spirit, which had already come to maturity as the Old Testament developed. True, there are elements in the evolution of the early Church which do not have to be integrated into all cultures. Nonetheless, the fundamental decisions made about the relationship between faith and the use of human reason are part of the faith itself; they are developments consonant with the nature of faith itself. And so I come to my conclusion.
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This attempt, painted with broad strokes, at a critique of modern reason from within has nothing to do with putting the clock back to the time before the Enlightenment and rejecting the insights of the modern age. The positive aspects of modernity are to be acknowledged unreservedly: The scientific ethos, moreover, is - as you yourself mentioned, Magnificent Rector - the will to be obedient to the truth, and, as such, it embodies an attitude which belongs to the essential decisions of the Christian spirit.
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The intention here is not one of retrenchment or negative criticism, but of broadening our concept of reason and its application. While we rejoice in the new possibilities open to humanity, we also see the dangers arising from these possibilities and we must ask ourselves how we can overcome them. We will succeed in doing so only if reason and faith come together in a new way, if we overcome the self-imposed limitation of reason to the empirically falsifiable, and if we once more disclose its vast horizons. In this sense theology rightly belongs in the university and within the wide-ranging dialogue of sciences, not merely as a historical discipline and one of the human sciences, but precisely as theology, as inquiry into the rationality of faith.
Only thus do we become capable of that genuine dialogue of cultures and religions so urgently needed today. In the Western world it is widely held that only positivistic reason and the forms of philosophy based on it are universally valid. Which when Beelzebub perceiv'd , then whom, Satan except, none higher sat, with grave [ ] Aspect he rose, and in his rising seem'd A Pillar of State; deep on his Front engraven Deliberation sat and public care; And Princely counsel in his face yet shon , Majestic though in ruin: Thrones and Imperial Powers, off-spring of heav'n [ ] Ethereal Vertues ; or these Titles now Must we renounce, and changing stile be call'd Princes of Hell?
What sit we then projecting peace and Warr? Warr hath determin'd us, and foild with loss [ ] Irreparable; tearms of peace yet none Voutsaf't or sought; for what peace will be giv'n To us enslav'd , but custody severe, And stripes, and arbitrary punishment Inflicted? What if we find Some easier enterprize? There is a place [ ] If ancient and prophetic fame in Heav'n Err not another World, the happy seat Of some new Race call'd Man, about this time To be created like to us, though less In power and excellence, but favour'd more [ ] Of him who rules above; so was his will Pronounc'd among the Gods , and by an Oath , That shook Heav'ns whol circumference, confirm'd.
Thither let us bend all our thoughts, to learn What creatures there inhabit, of what mould , [ ] Or substance, how endu'd , and what thir Power, And where thir weakness, how attempted best, By force or suttlety: Though Heav'n be shut, And Heav'ns high Arbitrator sit secure In his own strength, this place may lye expos'd [ ] The utmost border of his Kingdom, left To their defence who hold it: This would surpass [ ] Common revenge, and interrupt his joy In our Confusion , and our Joy upraise In his disturbance; when his darling Sons Hurl'd headlong to partake with us, shall curse Thir frail Original , and faded bliss, [ ] Faded so soon.
Advise if this be worth Attempting, or to sit in darkness here Hatching vain Empires. But thir spite still serves [ ] His glory to augment. The bold design Pleas'd highly those infernal States , and joy Sparkl'd in all thir eyes; with full assent They vote: Well have ye judg'd , well ended long debate, [ ] Synod of Gods , and like to what ye are, Great things resolv'd ; which from the lowest deep Will once more lift us up, in spight of Fate, Neerer our ancient Seat ; perhaps in view Of those bright confines, whence with neighbouring Arms [ ] And opportune excursion we may chance Re-enter Heav'n ; or else in some milde Zone Dwell not unvisited of Heav'ns fair Light Secure, and at the brightning Orient beam Purge off this gloom; the soft delicious Air, [ ] To heal the scarr of these corrosive Fires Shall breath her balme.
But first whom shall we send In search of this new world, whom shall we find Sufficient?
Sharlyne C. Thomas
Here he had need All circumspection, and we now no less Choice in our suffrage; for on whom we send, [ ] The weight of all and our last hope relies. This said, he sat; and expectation held His look suspence , awaiting who appeer'd To second, or oppose, or undertake The perilous attempt; but all sat mute, [ ] Pondering the danger with deep thoughts; and each In others count'nance read his own dismay Astonisht: These past, if any pass, the void profound Of unessential Night receives him next Wide gaping, and with utter loss of being [ ] Threatens him, plung'd in that abortive gulf.
If thence he scape into whatever world, Or unknown Region, what remains him less Then unknown dangers and as hard escape. But I should ill become this Throne, O Peers, [ ] And this Imperial Sov'ranty , adorn'd With splendor, arm'd with power, if aught propos'd And judg'd of public moment , in the shape Of difficulty or danger could deterr Mee from attempting. Wherefore do I assume [ ] These Royalties, and not refuse to Reign, Refusing to accept as great a share Of hazard as of honour , due alike To him who Reigns, and so much to him due Of hazard more, as he above the rest [ ] High honourd sits?
Go therefore mighty Powers, Terror of Heav'n , though fall'n ; intend at home, While here shall be our home, what best may ease The present misery, and render Hell More tollerable ; if there be cure or charm [ ] To respite or deceive, or slack the pain Of this ill Mansion: Thus saying rose The Monarch, and prevented all reply, Prudent, least from his resolution rais'd Others among the chief might offer now Certain to be refus'd what erst they fear'd ; [ ] And so refus'd might in opinion stand His Rivals, winning cheap the high repute Which he through hazard huge must earn.
But they Dreaded not more th' adventure then his voice Forbidding; and at once with him they rose; [ ] Thir rising all at once was as the sound Of Thunder heard remote. Towards him they bend With awful reverence prone; and as a God Extoll him equal to the highest in Heav'n: Nor fail'd they to express how much they prais'd , [ ] That for the general safety he despis'd His own: As when from mountain tops the dusky clouds Ascending, while the North wind sleeps, O'respread Heav'ns chearful face, the lowring Element [ ] Scowls ore the dark'nd lantskip Snow, or showre ; If chance the radiant Sun with farewell sweet Extend his ev'ning beam, the fields revive, The birds thir notes renew, and bleating herds Attest thir joy, that hill and valley rings.
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Devil with Devil damn'd Firm concord holds, men onely disagree Of Creatures rational, though under hope Of heavenly Grace; and God proclaiming peace, Yet live in hatred, enmity, and strife [ ] Among themselves, and levie cruel warres , Wasting the Earth, each other to destroy: As if which might induce us to accord Man had not hellish foes anow besides, That day and night for his destruction waite. The Stygian Counsel thus dissolv'd ; and forth In order came the grand infernal Peers: Then of thir Session ended they bid cry With Trumpets regal sound the great result: Thir Song was partial , but the harmony What could it less when Spirits immortal sing?
Suspended Hell, and took with ravishment The thronging audience. In discourse more sweet [ ] For Eloquence the Soul, Song charms the Sense , Others apart sat on a Hill retir'd , In thoughts more elevate, and reason'd high Of Providence, Foreknowledge, Will and Fate, Fixt Fate, free will, foreknowledg absolute, [ ] And found no end, in wandring mazes lost. Of good and evil much they argu'd then, Of happiness and final misery, Passion and Apathie , and glory and shame, Vain wisdom all, and false Philosophie: Another part in Squadrons and gross Bands, [ ] On bold adventure to discover wide That dismal world, if any Clime perhaps Might yield them easier habitation, bend Four ways thir flying March, along the Banks Of four infernal Rivers that disgorge [ ] Into the burning Lake thir baleful streams; Abhorred Styx the flood of deadly hate, Sad Acheron of sorrow, black and deep; Cocytus, nam'd of lamentation loud Heard on the ruful stream; fierce Phlegeton [ ] Whose waves of torrent fire inflame with rage.
Farr off from these a slow and silent stream, Lethe the River of Oblivion roules Her watrie Labyrinth, whereof who drinks, Forthwith his former state and being forgets, [ ] Forgets both joy and grief, pleasure and pain. Beyond this flood a frozen Continent Lies dark and wilde , beat with perpetual storms Of Whirlwind and dire Hail, which on firm land Thaws not, but gathers heap , and ruin seems [ ] Of ancient pile ; all else deep snow and ice, A gulf profound as that Serbonian Bog Betwixt Damiata and Mount Casius old, Where Armies whole have sunk: They ferry over this Lethean Sound Both to and fro, thir sorrow to augment, [ ] And wish and struggle, as they pass, to reach The tempting stream, with one small drop to loose In sweet forgetfulness all pain and woe, All in one moment, and so neer the brink; But fate withstands, and to oppose th' attempt [ ] Medusa with Gorgonian terror guards The Ford, and of it self the water flies All taste of living wight , as once it fled The lip of Tantalus.
22 Bible Verses About War & Warriors - Powerful Scriptures
Thus roving on In confus'd march forlorn, th' adventrous Bands [ ] With shuddring horror pale, and eyes agast View'd first thir lamentable lot, and found No rest: Mean while the Adversary of God and Man, Satan with thoughts inflam'd of highest design, [ ] Puts on swift wings, and towards the Gates of Hell Explores his solitary flight; som times He scours the right hand coast, som times the left, Now shaves with level wing the Deep, then soares Up to the fiery Concave touring high. So seem'd Farr off the flying Fiend: Before the Gates there sat On either side a formidable shape; The one seem'd Woman to the waste , and fair, [ ] But ended foul in many a scaly fould Voluminous and vast, a Serpent arm'd With mortal sting: Farr less abhorrd than these Vex'd Scylla bathing in the Sea that parts [ ] Calabria from the hoarse Trinacrian shore: Nor uglier follow the Night-Hag , when call'd In secret, riding through the Air she comes Lur'd with the smell of infant blood, to dance With Lapland Witches, while the labouring Moon [ ] Eclipses at thir charms.
The other shape , If shape it might be call'd that shape had none Distinguishable in member, joynt , or limb, Or substance might be call'd that shadow seem'd , For each seem'd either; black it stood as Night, [ ] Fierce as ten Furies , terrible as Hell, And shook a dreadful Dart; what seem'd his head The likeness of a Kingly Crown had on.
Satan was now at hand, and from his seat The Monster moving onward came as fast [ ] With horrid strides, Hell trembled as he strode. Th' undaunted Fiend what this might be admir'd , Admir'd , not fear'd ; God and his Son except , Created thing naught valu'd he nor shun'd And with disdainful look thus first began. Whence and what art thou, execrable shape, That dar'st , though grim and terrible, advance Thy miscreated Front athwart my way To yonder Gates? To whom the Goblin full of wrauth reply'd , Art thou that Traitor Angel, art thou hee , Who first broke peace in Heav'n and Faith, till then [ ] Unbrok'n , and in proud rebellious Arms Drew after him the third part of Heav'ns Sons Conjur'd against the highest, for which both Thou And they outcast from God, are here condemn'd To waste Eternal dayes in woe and pain?