Chardin's work had little in common with the Rococo painting that dominated French art in the 18th century.
Biography of Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin
At a time when history painting was considered the supreme classification for public art, Chardin's subjects of choice were viewed as minor categories. He favored simple yet beautifully textured still lifes, and sensitively handled domestic interiors and genre paintings.
Simple, even stark, paintings of common household items Still Life with a Smoker's Box and an uncanny ability to portray children's innocence in an unsentimental manner Boy with a Top [below] nevertheless found an appreciative audience in his time, and account for his timeless appeal. Largely self-taught, he was greatly influenced by the realism and subject matter of the 17th-century Low Country masters.
Despite his unconventional portrayal of the ascendant bourgeoisie, early support came from patrons in the French aristocracy, including Louis XV. Though his popularity rested initially on paintings of animals and fruit, by the s he introduced kitchen utensils into his repertoire The Copper Cistern, ca. Soon figures populated his scenes as well, supposedly in response to a portrait painter who challenged him to take up the genre. These humble scenes deal with simple, everyday activities, yet they also have functioned as a source of documentary information about a level of French society not hitherto considered a worthy subject for painting.
The pictures are noteworthy for their formal structure and pictorial harmony. In he returned to the subject of the still life. In the s his eyesight weakened and he took to painting in pastels, a medium in which he executed portraits of his wife and himself. Today his paintings hang in the Louvre and other major museums. His work became popular with the general public after low-cost engravings of his paintings became available.
Jean Baptiste Siméon Chardin (1699-1779)
He depicted an adolescent building a house of cards on at least four occasions. The version at Waddesdon Manor is the most elaborate. Scenes such as these derived from 17th-century Netherlandish vanitas works, which bore messages about the transitory nature of human life and the worthlessness of material ambitions, but Chardin's also display a delight in the ephemeral phases of childhood for their own sake. Chardin frequently painted replicas of his compositions—especially his genre paintings, nearly all of which exist in multiple versions which in many cases are virtually indistinguishable.
In Chardin returned to the subject of the still life. In the s his eyesight weakened and he took to painting in pastels , a medium in which he executed portraits of his wife and himself see Self-portrait at top right. His works in pastels are now highly valued. Chardin's influence on the art of the modern era was wide-ranging, and has been well-documented. Marcel Proust , in the chapter "How to open your eyes? The only comfort he finds is in the imaginary ideas of beauty depicted in the great masterpieces of the Louvre, materializing fancy palaces, rich princes, and the like.
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The author tells the young man to follow him to another section of the Louvre where the pictures of Jean-Baptiste Chardin are. There he would see the beauty in still life at home and in everyday activities like peeling turnips. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in French. April Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the French article. Google's machine translation is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia.
Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. The first official commissions came in Chardin presented his artworks to the huge public for the first time in Since then, he was an active participant of the exposition.
Since the late s, the creation of the new figural genre scenes descended and Jean-Baptiste concentrated on the production of the replicas of his canvases.
So, in Louis XV to whom the artist had been introduced in gifted him a studio and living quarters in the Louvre. Two years later, the painter demonstrated his nine artworks at the Paris Salon. The artworks of the painter were estimated by Denis Diderot.
Later, in , Chardin participated at the Salon as a treasurer and oversaw the installation of the presentation. These new responsibilities provoked the descent of his painting activity. Although the commissions for still lifes became rare, Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin received some at the s due to his reputation, including this from Catherine the Great. The painter had to decorate the overdoor for the lecture hall at the St. Petersburg Academy of Fine Arts. By the beginning of the s, Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin became the first painter of the King and received the enhanced pension at the Academy.
Chardin somehow lost his popularity because of the changing tastes of the public. Having the problems with sight, Chardin, however, experimented with pastels and produced some number of portraits, the genre which was not typical for him earlier.
Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin - Wikipedia
Unfortunately, the canvases were not appreciated while their creator was alive. He was a son of a cabinetmaker who produced billiard tables. Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin was a prolific painter, regarded today as one of the greatest still-life painters of the 18th century. During his lifetime, the painter produced in total about canvases, including the pastel portraits of his last period which are highly estimated nowadays. One employs colours, but one paints with feeling. Royal Academy of Painting , France.